Robert Schuman drew up the Schuman Plan - an initiative to control the production steel and so prevent future arms production. Published on the 9th of May 1950 this date is now regarded as the birth of the European Union. Schuman, it is now clear, was funded, supported and encouraged by an OSS (early CIA) operation: The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948.
At this stage the UK was considered too anti-federalist as it appears to partially remain. But in terms of being a useful device for the 'The Anglo-American Establishment' to continue to influence and monitor the EU, no better device than the UK has been found.
OSS, CIA and European Unity: The American Committee on United Europe
Richard J. Aldrich
University of Nottingham,